CAIRO – 15 February 2022: On February 15, 399 BC, the Greek philosopher Socrates, one of the founders of Western philosophy, was sentenced to death.
The government of the Thirty Tyrants asked Socrates and four others to unjustly put to death the ruler of Salamis, who was tried for denying the gods and corrupting the morals of the youth.
Born in 470 BC, Socrates was forced by his father, who worked as a sculptor, to drop out of school at the age of 14 and work with him.
Then he began to explore his own interests in philosophy. He established the dialectical method, later known as the Socratic method, which recognizes that when facing a problem, a set of questions must be presented, the answers to which contribute to solving the problem.
Socrates fought several battles against the Sophists, who wanted to change the rules of right and wrong in society. They relied on their ingenuity in reversing the facts. He also fought all those who clinged to superstition and ignorance and wanted to spread it in his community.
Furthermore, Socrates was sentenced to death without showing the indications or reasons behind that sentence. Two of Socrates' contemporaries, Plato and Xenophon, described this trial as one of the most important trials of the ancient era.